A wolf spider is a robust and agile hunting spider and a member of the Lycosidae family. These spiders have excellent eyesight, They usually live by itself and hunt alone usually near the mouth of a burrow.
Wolf spiders can grow up to a length of 2 inches and may be as small as half an inch. The hairy spider varies in color from brown to gray while having different markings or lines. They have similar features with a brown recluse and are distinguished from the brown recluse only by its lack of a violin shaped marking which is a distinct identification of the brown recluse.
A wolf spider has eight eyes positioned in three rows such that the bottom row has four small eyes while the top row includes two medium sized eyes. The middle row consists of two large eyes. All the eyes combine for excellent eyesight to effectively hunt for food. A distinct characteristic of this spider’s eye is its capability to produce an eye shine after flashing a beam of light over its head. The glow produced by its eyes can be easily recognized.
Wold spider species are found throughout the Australian region. They can also be found in the Northern America. In fact, wolf spiders are considered the largest spiders in Nebraska.
However, they are shy and just run away when bothered. A very distinct characteristic of the wolf spider is its ability to carry its large egg sac even when moving around. The newly hatched spiderlings that come out from the egg sac immediately climb into the back of their mother and remains in that area until they reach a grown stage.
They are usually found in all terrestrial habitats, near garages, doors, house plants, windows and basements. They can also be found in shrub lands, wet coastal forest, woodland, alpine meadows and suburban gardens. They roam at night when hunting for food, usually pouncing on their prey and sometimes chasing it for a short distance but without using or spinning a web.
They are not poisonous but just like many of the spiders but their bites may cause reactions in certain individuals.
Wolf spiders, though, are capable of defensive bites which that can apply prior to consuming undesirable arachnids. They will inject venom when continuously provoked. Symptoms of a wolf spider bite are mild pain, itching and swelling. Australian wolf spiders are said to be capable of inflicting necrotic wounds.