Tarantula Spider

The tarantula is considered the biggest spider in the world
The tarantula is considered the biggest spider in the world

The tarantula is considered the biggest spider in the world and it belongs to the Theraphosidae family of spiders, which consists of 900 different species.

Description

Most tarantula species are not a threat to humans while some are considered in demand for exotic pet trade. Tarantulas look scary due to their size as well as their hairy bodies and legs but their mild venom, which is weaker than that of a bee and obtained after a moderately painful bit,  make them harmless and nothing to fear about.

The largest tarantula is pseudotherathosa apophysis which has legs that can reach up to 13 inches. This kind of arachnid has a very long life span and some species can live up to 30 years.

They may have a bad reputation but tarantulas are wonderful and amazing animals. They spend most of time hiding when not hunting for food. In fact, they are usually hunted by other animals although most of these animals do not succeed due to the good defenses of this eight-legged arachnid.The hairs at the back and abdomen of the spider break off with the slightest contact. The broken portions burrow into the predator and make them itch excessively.

Tarantulas are also fast runners due to their eight legs. They also bite as a defense mechanism. So don’t panic when this spider bites you!

Location

There are about 300 species of tarantulas and the greatest number of tarantulas are in South America.

Behavior

Tarantulas are considered nocturnal predators as well as burrowers because they live in the grounds of tropical, sup-tropical and arid areas of the world. They vary in color and behavior according to their specific habitat and environment.

Tarantulas undergo a periodic shedding of their external skeletons by which they also replace their internal organs, including female genitalia and stomach lining and regrow cut legs.

Food and hunting

Tarantulas are carnivores and also eat insects while others eat small reptiles like lizards and snakes, and amphibians such as frogs. Their fangs have venom or chemical enough to kill and dissolve the flesh and inside of the prey. Tarantulas can also kill their prey through their strong mouth parts. They do not use a web to get their prey.

The venom of tarantulas is solely used for killing their prey and has no capability of killing a person so that there is no need to worry when seeing one or getting across a tarantula.